For hundreds of years Science proved to be a great problem for Faith. Great men of science were:
Francis Bacon (1561-1626) for the conquest and taming of nature.
René Descartes (1596-1650) for separating the superior thinking mind from the body which he saw as a mere machine.
Isaac Newton (1642-1727) who saw the whole universe as one gigantic machine, created by God, but left to tick away like a clock.
John Locke (1632-1704) saw society as a machine whose individual persons were the isolated parts with their own selfish interests.
The Industrial Revolution (1760-1840) with its inventions and discoveries was based on Newton's laws of gravity and motion.
Freud's (1856–1939)study of the human psyche and Marx's socialism were also greatly influenced by the 'mechanistic' understanding of what was considered the 'science' of their day.
Darwin's (1809–1882) theory of evolution was also limited by this vision of a mechanical world.
During all that time, the thinking of groups such as mystics, poets, artists, and people of faith was considered unscientific, superstitious, and magical, but harmless. Such thinking contributed nothing to the progress of mankind! Hence the dualism that separates the material world from the spiritual world, the body from the soul, creation from the creator. Then came Einstein.
Einstein (1879-1955): Einstein's religious views have often been misunderstood. Einstein said that he did not believe in a personal God who concerns himself with fates and actions of human beings, a view which he described as naïve. He clarified however that, "I'm not an atheist", preferring to call himself an agnostic, or a 'religious nonbeliever'. "The idea of a personal God is quite alien to me and seems even naïve and childlike." He said that he was not an atheist and "I do not know if I can define myself as a Pantheist, the problem involved is too vast for our limited minds. We see a universe marvelously arranged, obeying certain laws, but we understand the laws only dimly. Our limited minds cannot grasp the mysterious force that sways the constellations".